Estimate future expenses: looks easy but …

Estimate Future Expenses

Estimating future expenses is a difficult task, and it’s even more challenging when trying to live off of the income generated by your investments.

There are many factors that can impact your expenses, and it’s essential to have a clear understanding of these factors and how they may change over time in order to plan for your financial future.

Risk Factors

One of the biggest challenges in estimating future expenses is inflation. Inflation is the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising, and it can have a significant impact on the purchasing power of your money over time. For example, if the inflation rate is 2% per year, the purchasing power of $100 today will be worth just $98 in a year and $96 in two years. This means that in order to maintain the same standard of living, you will need to have more money in the future to cover the same expenses.

Another factor to consider is the cost of healthcare, which is known to increase significantly over time. According to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, healthcare spending is projected to grow at an average rate of 5.4% per year from 2018 to 2027. This means that if your current healthcare expenses are $5,000 per year, in 10 years, they will have increased to $8,276.

Additionally, it’s essential to consider the impact of taxes on your expenses. The taxes you pay on your investment income, capital gains, and dividends can vary significantly depending on your income level and the type of investment. For example, if you are in the 25% tax bracket and earn $50,000 in dividends, you will owe $12,500 in taxes.

Another important factor is the impact of interest rate changes on the value of your investments. When interest rates rise, the value of bonds and other fixed-income investments may decrease, which can result in a loss of income. For example, if you have a bond that pays a fixed interest rate of 3%, and the interest rate rises to 4%, the value of your bond will decrease as new bonds are now paying a higher rate.

All of these factors make it difficult to predict future expenses, and they also make it challenging to live off of the income generated by your investments. To mitigate these risks, it’s important to have a diversified portfolio that includes a mix of stocks, bonds, and other types of investments. Additionally, it’s essential to have a clear understanding of the risks involved and to be prepared for the possibility of a loss.


In conclusion, estimating future expenses and living off of the income generated by your investments is a complex task that requires careful planning and a clear understanding of the various factors that can impact your expenses.

By taking into account factors such as inflation, healthcare costs, taxes, and interest rate changes, you can better prepare for your financial future and increase your chances of success.